The challenges of a sustainable economy


This course aims to start with the circular flow of economic activity and the interdependence of its institutional sectors. The evolution of the sustainability concept is developed with its economic, and social environmental dimensions. It highlights the challenges and commitments to be at national and internal levels. Internal levels of responsibility towards the various stakeholders is an essential step in the achievement of a sustainable economy.

Teaching and Learning Methods: 

  • A course of 5 sessions around the fundamentals of the concept of sustainable development.
  • Students will then have to apply their knowledge in 2 sessions:

    • Presentation (student subgroups) on a topical subject related to sustainable economy challenges.
    • Debriefing and discussion

Course Policies: Attendance is highly recommended.

  • Book: CARON P., CHÂTAIGNER J. M. Un défi pour la planète: les objectifs de développement durable en débat. IRD, 2017, 476p.

  • Book: JACQUEMOT P. Le dictionnaire encyclopédique du développement durable. Sciences Humaines, 2017, 600p.
  • Book: OTT C. D. M. Le concept de développement durable. DÉVELOPPEMENT DURABLE, 11, 2018
  • Book: ROME A. The Ecology of Commerce: Environmental History and the Challenge of Building a Sustainable Economy. Green Capitalism? 3-12. 2017
  • Article: STUCKIM., JATTKE M., BERR M., DESING H., GREEN A., HELLWEG S., ... & KELLER R. L. How life cycle–based science and practice support the transition towards a sustainable economy. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 1-8. 2021
  • Publication: VAN MEIJL H., RUBEN R., REINHARD S. Towards an inclusive and sustainable economy. WAGENINGEN University, 2017.
  • Book: VEYRET Y., ARNOULD P. Atlas du développement durable. Autrement, 2019, 96p.


Social responsibility awareness and monitoring of economic, social and environmental news.


In a world marked by local and global fragilities and instabilities (political, social, economic, and financial), the environmental dimension occupies an increasing place in the structural balance of our societies, both economically and humanly.

The global commitment to a common commitment against climate change is a given. Reducing greenhouse emissions requires decarbonization of the economy. This leads to energy, economic, social, environmental, cultural, and therefore societal upheaval.

The involvement of the private sector, in both real and financial spheres, is no longer optional but essential. Some companies see change as risks to be managed, others see opportunities. Mobilizing the human and financial resources of nations will become a main challenge. Training talented people, drivers of change and innovation is an urgent and crucial step.

This course aims, beyond the definition of a sustainable economy, to present the challenges, opportunities, and limits of the process underway for a better understanding of the phenomenon. The idea is to make students aware of the importance of inclusive management of company resources and stakeholders in postmodern companies committed to a societal approach.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Understand and design concrete answers to the social, environmental and economic problems of the postmodern enterprise.
  • It will also help students to integrate these criteria into the implementation of business strategies based on growth opportunities and innovative solutions and technologies.

Nb hours: 21.00


  • Continuous assessment (50% of the final grade) - A written report with an oral presentation (by group);
  • Final Exam (50% of the final grade) - Ability to analyze documents using course concepts (individual).