Affine Frequency Division Multiplexing (AFDM), a new chirp-based multicarrier waveform for high mobility communications, is introduced here. AFDM is based on discrete affine Fourier transform (DAFT), a generalization of discrete Fourier transform, which is characterized by two parameters that can be adapted to better cope with doubly dispersive channels. First, we derive the explicit input-output relation in the DAFT domain showing the effect of AFDM parameters in the input-output relation. Second, we show how the DAFT parameters underlying AFDM have to be set so that the resulting DAFT domain impulse response conveys a full delay-Doppler representation of the channel. Then, we show analytically that AFDM can achieve full diversity in doubly dispersive channels, where full diversity refers to the number of multipath components separable in either the delay or the Doppler domain, due to its full delay-Doppler representation. Furthermore, we present a low complexity detection method taking advantage of zero-padding. We also propose an embedded pilot-aided channel estimation scheme for AFDM, in which both channel estimation and data detection are performed within the same AFDM frame. Finally, simulations corroborate the validity of our analytical results and show the significant performance gains of AFDM over state-of-the-art multicarrier schemes in high mobility scenarios.
Affine frequency division multiplexing for next generation wireless communications
ISWCS 2022, 17th International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems, 6-9 September 2021, Berlin, Germany
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