AFDM: A full diversity next generation waveform for high mobility communications

Bemani, Ali; Ksairi, Nassar; Kountouris, Marios
ICC 2021, IEEE International Conference on Communications, 14-23 June, 2021, Montreal, Canada (Virtual Conference)

We present Affine Frequency Division Multiplexing (AFDM), a new chirp-based multicarrier transceiver scheme for high mobility communications in next-generation wireless systems. AFDM is based on discrete affine Fourier transform (DAFT), a generalization of discrete Fourier transform characterized with two parameters that can be adapted to better cope with doubly dispersive channels. Based on the derived input-output
relation, the DAFT parameters underlying AFDM are set in such a way to avoid that time domain channel paths with distinct delays or Doppler frequency shifts overlap in the DAFT domain. The resulting DAFT domain impulse response thus conveys a full delay-Doppler representation of the channel. We show that AFDM can achieve the full diversity of linear time-varying (LTV) channels. Our analytical results are validated through numerical simulations, which evince that AFDM outperforms state-of-theart
multicarrier schemes in terms of bit error rate (BER) in doubly dispersive channels.

Communication systems
Eurecom Ref:
© 2021 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.