Proofs of Data Reliability are cryptographic protocols that provide assurance to a user that a cloud storage system correctly stores her data and has provisioned sufficient redundancy to be able to guarantee reliable storage service. In this paper, we consider distributed cloud storage systems that make use of erasure codes to guarantee data reliability. We propose two novel Proof of Data Reliability schemes, namely POROS and PORTOS, that on the one hand guarantees the retrieval of the outsourced data in their entirety through the use of proofs of data possession and on the other hand ensures the actual storage of redundancy. As a result, POROS and PORTOS are compatible with the current cloud computing model where the cloud autonomously performs all maintenance operations without any interaction with the user. Moreover, POROS and PORTOS delegate the burden of generating the redundancy to the cloud as well. The security of both solutions is proved in the face of a rational adversary whereby the cheating cloud provider tries to gain storage savings without increasing its total operational cost.
Proofs of data reliability: Verification of reliable data storage with automatic maintenance
Security and Privacy, December 2020, Wiley
© Wiley. Personal use of this material is permitted. The definitive version of this paper was published in Security and Privacy, December 2020, Wiley and is available at : https://doi.org/10.1002/spy2.137
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