In a multiuser MIMO broadcast channel, the rate performance is affected by the multiuser interference when the Channel State Information at the Transmitter (CSIT) is imperfect. To tackle the interference problem, a Rate-Splitting (RS) approach has been proposed recently, which splits one user's message into a common and a private part, and superimposes the common message on top of the private messages. The common message is drawn from a public codebook and should be decoded by all users. In this paper, we propose a novel and general framework, denoted as Hierarchical Rate Splitting (HRS), that is particularly suited to FDD massive MIMO systems. HRS simultaneously transmits private messages intended to each user and two kinds of common messages that can be decoded by all users and by a subset of users, respectively. We analyze the asymptotic sum rate of HRS under imperfect CSIT. A closed-form power allocation is derived which provides insights in to the effects of system parameters. Finally, simulation results validate the significant sum rate gain of HRS over various baselines
A hierarchical rate splitting strategy for FDD massive MIMO under imperfect CSIT
CAMAD 2015, 20th IEEE International Workshop on Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks, 7-9 September 2015, Guildford, UK
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