Accurate information regarding a cognitive radio user’s location and environment can enhance the adaptive and spectral awareness capabilities of cognitive radio systems. In this paper, a single-path multiband Time-of-Arrival (TOA) positioning technique for cognitive radio is proposed and the performance evaluated using maximum-likelihood (ML) location estimation for a typical rural scenario where signal line-of-sight (LOS) between a transmitter and receiver is prevalent. The multiband Cramer Rao Lower Bound (CRLB) time-delay and channel fading coefficient estimates are derived followed by an estimation combining technique which involves selecting an overall optimum estimate using all the utilized bands. It is observed that the improvement in positioning accuracy for the multiband system depends primarily on the number of utilized bands as well as the (signal-to-noise ratio) SNR of these bands.
Multiband time-of-arrival positioning technique for cognitive radio systems
PIMRC 2011, 22nd Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, September 11-14, 2011, Toronto, Canada
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