A precoder is designed for orthogonal space-time block codes (OSTBCs) for arbitrarily correlated Ricean multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels. Unlike previous works, our precoder is the first to be designed to minimize the exact symbol error rate (SER) as function of both a) the joint transmit-receive channel correlation coefficients, and b) the MIMO Rice component, which are fed back to the transmitter. Importantly, the covariance may or may not follow the so-called Kronecker structure. Exact SER expressions are given for multi-level PAM, PSK, and QAM signaling. Several properties of the minimum exact precoder are provided. An iterative numerical optimization algorithm is proposed for finding the exact minimum SER precoder under a power constraint.
Precoded orthogonal space-time block codes over correlated ricean MIMO channels
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Volume 55, N°2, February 2007
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