ICC 2019, 53rd IEEE International Conference on Communications, 20-24 May 2019, Shanghai, China
Using out-of-band (OOB) side-information has recently been shown to accelerate beam selection in single-user millimeter wave (mmWave) massive MIMO (m-MIMO) communications. In this paper, we propose a novel OOB-aided beam selection framework for a mmWave uplink multi-user system. In particular, we exploit spatial information extracted from lower (sub-6 GHz) bands in order to assist with an inter-user coordination scheme at mmWave bands. Our strategies consider the existence of a low-rate direct device-to-device (D2D) link between suitable pairs of users (UEs), enabling some information exchange. The decentralized coordination mechanism allows the suppression of the so-called co-beam interference which would otherwise lead to irreducible interference at the base station (BS) side, thereby triggering substantial spectral efficiency (SE) gains.
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