How accurate is the RACH procedure model in LTE and LTE-A?

Arouk, Osama; Ksentini, Adlen;Taleb, Tarik
IWCMC 2016, 12th IEEE International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, September 5-9, 2016, Paphos, Cyprus

Best Paper Award

In Long Term Evolution (LTE) networks, User Equipments (UE)s should proceed Random Access CHannel (RACH) procedure to attach to the Base Station and access
the channel. One limitation of this procedure is the congestion that may appear when high number of UEs are simultaneously trying to attach to the channel. Such use-case happens when high number of Machine Type Communication (MTC) devices are deployed in one LTE cell. In order to evaluate the RACH performances, in terms of success, collision and idle probabilities, when the traffic load is high, accurate models are needed. However, most of existing models ignore one important constraint, which is the fact that the eNB can knowledge only a limited number of UEs in each RACH round, leading to a mis-formulation of these metrics in the context of LTE, and especially in the presence of high number of devices competing for the channel access. In this paper, we tackle the above-mentioned issue by devising a new model for the RACH procedure taking in consideration this constraint. Computer simulation demonstrates that unlike the existing models, our proposed model achieve high accuracy to estimate the performance of the RACH procedure, whatever the traffic load.

Communication systems
Eurecom Ref:
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