Artefacts that differentiate spoofed from bona-fide utterances can reside in spectral or temporal domains. Their reliable detection usually depends upon computationally demanding ensemble systems where each subsystem is tuned to some specific artefacts. We seek to develop an efficient, single system that can detect a broad range of different spoofing attacks without score-level ensembles. We propose a novel heterogeneous stacking graph attention layer which models artefacts spanning heterogeneous temporal and spectral domains with a heterogeneous attention mechanism and a stack node. With a new max graph operation that involves a competitive mechanism and an extended readout scheme, our approach, named AASIST, outperforms the current state-of-the-art by 20% relative. Even a lightweight variant, AASIST-L, with only 85K parameters, outperforms all competing systems.
AASIST: Audio anti-spoofing using integrated spectro-temporal graph attention networks
ICASSP 2022, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, 22-27 May 2022, Singapore, Singapore
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