Channel stability prediction to optimize signaling overhead in 5G networks using machine learning

Bakri, Sihem; Bouaziz, Maha; Frangoudisz, Pantelis A; Ksentini, Adlen
ICC 2020, IEE International Conference on Communications, 7-11 June 2020, Dublin, Ireland (Virtual conference)

Channel quality feedback is crucial for the operation of 4G and 5G radio networks, as it allows to control User Equipment (UE) connectivity, transmission scheduling, and the
modulation and rate of the data transmitted over the wireless link. However, when such feedback is frequent and the number of UEs in a cell is large, the channel may be overloaded by signaling messages, resulting in lower throughput and data loss. Optimizing this signaling process thus represents a key challenge. In this paper, we focus on Channel Quality Indicator (CQI) reports that are periodically sent from a UE to the base station, and propose mechanisms to optimize the reporting process with the aim of reducing signaling overhead and avoiding the associated channel overloads, particularly when channel conditions are stable. To this end, we apply machine learning mechanisms to predict channel stability, which can be used to decide if the CQI of
a UE is necessary to be reported, and in turn to control the reporting frequency. We study two machine learning models for this purpose, namely Support Vector Machines (SVM) and Neural Networks (NN). Simulation results show that both provide a high prediction accuracy, with NN consistently outperforming SVM in our settings, especially as CQI reporting frequency reduces.

Systèmes de Communication
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