In this paper, we present a model application distribution and related security attacks in dense vehicular ad hoc networks (VANET) and sparse VANET which forms a delay tolerant network (DTN). We study the vulnerabilities of VANET to evaluate the attack scenarios and introduce a new attacker's model as an extension to the work done in . Then a VANET model has been proposed that supports the application distribution through proxy app stores on top of mobile platforms installed in vehicles. The steps of application distribution have been studied in detail. We have identified key attacks (e.g. malware, spamming & phishing, software attack and threat to location privacy) for dense VANET and two attack scenarios for sparse VANET. It has been shown that attacks can be launched by distributing malicious applications and injecting malicious codes to On Board Unit (OBU) by exploiting OBU software security holes. Consequences of such security attacks have been
described. Finally, countermeasures including the concepts of sandbox have also been presented in depth.
This paper is published in ICGIP 2012, 4th International Conference on Graphic and Image Processing, 5-7 October 2012, ZengZhu, Singapore / Also published in SPIE Volume 8768, March 2013
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