The communication between a multiple-antenna transmitter and multiple receivers (users) with either a single or multiple-antenna each can be significantly enhanced by providing the channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) of the users, as this allows for scheduling, beamforming and multiuser multiplexing gains. The traditional view on how to enable CSIT has been as follows so far: In time-division duplexed (TDD) systems, uplink (UL) and downlink (DL) channel reciprocity allows for the use of a training sequence in any given uplink slot, which is exploited to obtain an uplink channel estimate. This estimate is in turn recycled in the next downlink slot. In frequency-division duplexed (FDD) systems, which lack the UL and DL reciprocity, the CSIT is provided via the use of a dedicated feedback link of limited capacity between the receivers and the transmitter. In this paper, we focus on TDD systems and show that the traditional TDD CSIT acquisition fails to fully exploit the channel reciprocity in its true sense. In fact, we show that the system can benefit from a combined CSIT acquisition strategy mixing the use of limited feedback and that of a training sequence. We demonstrate the potential of our approach in terms of improved CSIT quality under a global training and feedback resource constraint.
Hybrid pilot/quantization-based feedback in multi-antenna TDD systems
GLOBECOM 2009, IEEE Global Communications Conference, November 30-December 4, 2009, Hawai, USA
Systèmes de Communication
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