We describe a novel framework for watermarking 3-D objects using their texture or silhouette information. Unlike most conventional 3-D object-watermarking techniques, for which both insertion and extraction of the mark are performed on the object itself (3-D/3-D approach), we propose an asymmetric 3-D/2-D procedure. It consists in watermarking 3-D objects and retrieving the mark from rendering 2-D images or videos having used the 3-D synthetic object, thus protecting the visual representations of the object. Two 3-D object watermarking schemes are presented, a texture-based approach for 3-D photorealistic objects and a silhouette-based approach for 3-D CAD (computer-assisted design) objects.
This paper is published in Journal of Electronic Imaging, July-August 2007 and is made available as an electronic preprint with permission of SPIE. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.