Book Chapter of "Advances in Mobile Cloud Computing and Big Data in the 5G Era", Springer, 2016, ISBN: 978-3-319-45143-5
Commoditization and virtualization of wireless networks are changing the
economics of mobile networks to help network providers, e.g. Mobile Network Op- erator (MNO), Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO), move from proprietary and bespoke hardware and software platforms towards an open, cost-effective, and flexible cellular ecosystem. In addition, rich and innovative local services can be efficiently materialized through cloudification by leveraging the existing infrastruc- ture. In this work, we present a Radio Access Network as a Service (RANaaS), in which a Cloudified Centralized Radio Access Network (C-RAN) is delivered as a service. RANaaS describes the service life-cycle of an on-demand, elastic, and pay as you go RAN instantiated on top of the cloud infrastructure. Due to short deadlines in many examples of RAN, the fluctuations of processing time, introduced by the virtualization framework, have a deep impact on the C-RAN performance. While in typical cloud environments, the deadlines of processing time cannot be guaranteed, the cloudification of C-RAN, in which signal processing runs on general purpose processors inside Virtual Machines (VMs), is a challenging subject. We describe an example of real-time cloudifed LTE network deployment using the OpenAirInter- face (OAI) LTE implementation and OpenStack running on commodity hardware. We also show the flexibility and performance of the platform developed. Finally, we draw general conclusions on the RANaaS provisioning problem in future 5G networks.
© Springer. Personal use of this material is permitted. The definitive version of this paper was published in Book Chapter of "Advances in Mobile Cloud Computing and Big Data in the 5G Era", Springer, 2016, ISBN: 978-3-319-45143-5 and is available at : http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45145-9_8