In this work we study the capacity of multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) downlink channels with codebook-based limited feedback using real measurement data. Several aspects of MU-MIMO channels are evaluated. Firstly, we compare the sum rate of different MU-MIMO precoding schemes in various channel conditions. Secondly, we study the effect of different codebooks on the performance of limited feedback MU-MIMO. Thirdly, we relate the required feedback rate with the achievable rate on the downlink channel. Real multi-user channel measurement data acquired with the Eurecom MIMO OpenAir Sounder (EMOS) is used. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first measurement results giving evidence of how MU-MIMO precoding schemes depend on the precoding scheme, channel characteristics, user separation, and codebook. For example, we show that having a large user separation as well as codebooks adapted to the second order statistics of the channel gives a sum rate close to the theoretical limit. A small user separation due to bad scheduling or a poorly adapted codebook on the other hand can impair the gain brought by MU-MIMO. The tools and the analysis presented in this paper allow the system designer to trade-off downlink rate with feedback rate by carefully choosing the codebook.
On the trade-off between feedback and capacity in measured MU-MIMO channels
IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Volume 8, N°9, September 2009
Systèmes de Communication
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