Ecole d'ingénieur et centre de recherche en Sciences du numérique

Security of controlled manufacturing systems in the connected factory: the case of industrial robots

Pogliani, Marcello; Quarta, Davide; Polino, Mario; Vittone, Martino; Maggi, Federico; Zanero, Stefano

Journal of Computer Virology and Hacking Techniques, February 2019

In modern factories, "controlled" manufacturing systems, such as industrial robots, CNC machines, or 3D printers, are often connected in a control network, together with a plethora of heterogeneous control devices. Despite the obvious advantages in terms of production and ease of maintenance, this trend raises non-trivial cybersecurity concerns. Often, the devices employed are not designed for an interconnected world, but cannot be promptly replaced: In fact, they have essentially become legacy systems, embodying design patterns where components and networks are accounted as trusted elements. In this paper, we take a holistic view of the security issues (and challenges) that arise in designing and securely deploying controlled manufacturing systems, using industrial robots as a case study--indeed, robots are the most representative instance of a complex automatically controlled industrial device. Following up to our previous experimental analysis, we take a broad look at the deployment of industrial robots in a typical factory network and at the security challenges that arise from the interaction between operators and machines; then, we propose actionable points to secure industrial cyber-physical systems, and we discuss the limitations of the current standards in industrial robotics to account for active attackers.

Doi Bibtex

Titre:Security of controlled manufacturing systems in the connected factory: the case of industrial robots
Type:Journal
Langue:English
Ville:
Date:
Département:Sécurité numérique
Eurecom ref:5816
Copyright: © Springer. Personal use of this material is permitted. The definitive version of this paper was published in Journal of Computer Virology and Hacking Techniques, February 2019 and is available at : https://doi.org/10.1007/s11416-019-00329-8
Bibtex: @article{EURECOM+5816, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s11416-019-00329-8}, year = {2019}, month = {02}, title = {{S}ecurity of controlled manufacturing systems in the connected factory: the case of industrial robots}, author = {{P}ogliani, {M}arcello and {Q}uarta, {D}avide and {P}olino, {M}ario and {V}ittone, {M}artino and {M}aggi, {F}ederico and {Z}anero, {S}tefano}, journal = {{J}ournal of {C}omputer {V}irology and {H}acking {T}echniques, {F}ebruary 2019}, url = {http://www.eurecom.fr/publication/5816} }