Graduate School and Research Center in Digital Sciences

A rate splitting strategy for massive MIMO with imperfect CSIT

Dai, Mingbo; Clerckx, Bruno; Gesbert, David; Caire, Giuseppe

IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol.15, N°7, July 2016

In a multiuser MIMO broadcast channel, the rate performance is affected by the multiuser interference when the Channel State Information at the Transmitter (CSIT) is imperfect. To tackle the detrimental effect of the multiuser interference, a Rate-Splitting (RS) approach has been proposed recently, which splits one selected user's message into a common and a private part, and superimposes the common message on top of the private messages. The common message is drawn from a public codebook and should be decoded by all users. In this paper, we generalize the idea of RS into the large-scale array regime with imperfect CSIT. By further exploiting the channel second-order statistics, we propose a novel and general framework Hierarchical-Rate-Splitting (HRS) that is particularly suited to massive MIMO systems. HRS simultaneously transmits private messages intended to each user and two kinds of common messages that can be decoded by all users and by a subset of users, respectively. We analyse the asymptotic sum rate of RS and HRS and optimize the precoders of the common messages. A closed-form power allocation is derived which provides insights into the effects of system parameters. Finally, simulation results validate the significant sum rate gain of RS and HRS over various baselines.

Doi Arxiv Bibtex

Title:A rate splitting strategy for massive MIMO with imperfect CSIT
Department:Communication systems
Eurecom ref:4923
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Bibtex: @article{EURECOM+4923, doi = {}, year = {2016}, month = {03}, title = {{A} rate splitting strategy for massive {MIMO} with imperfect {CSIT}}, author = {{D}ai, {M}ingbo and {C}lerckx, {B}runo and {G}esbert, {D}avid and {C}aire, {G}iuseppe}, journal = {{IEEE} {T}ransactions on {W}ireless {C}ommunications, {V}ol.15, {N}°7, {J}uly 2016}, url = {} }
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